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Attica. Athens c 454-406 BC
From 475-400 B.C. an Athenian hoplite, rower, and laborer (free or slave) each received a daily wage of 1 Attic drachma. Pericles came to political power around 461. Craftsmen and masons working on public projects in 447-408 B.C. received daily wages from 2 to 2.5 drachmae. Many artisans were paid by the amount of work. Bricklayers in 395-391 B.C. received 12 or 15 drachmae per 1,000 bricks laid while stonecutters of public decrees received a drachma for every fifty letters cut. The Athenian democracy from 483-410 B.C. commissioned 1,500 triremes at a cost of 15,000 talents (90 million drachmae). The building costs recorded in 447-425 B.C. for the construction of the main monuments on the Acropolis (Parthenon, Propylaea, Temple of Athena Nike, and cult statues), the Middle Walls linking the city to the Piraeus, and the expansion of harbor facilities at the Piraeus totaled at least 48 million drachmae. Obverse Athena wearing crested Attic helmet ornamented with three laurel leaves and vine scroll. Reverse standing owl olive sprig and crescent moon behind, all within incuse square ΑΘΕ.
Mint: Athens
Provenance: Private acquisition ex Gemini XII, 11 January 2015, lot 120, ex Gemini I, 11 January 2005, lot 620 (part) ex Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

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